Starting in the 1940s, the Central and South Florida Project -- constructed in partnership between the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and the South Florida Water Management District (District) -- is an elaborate and effective water management system providing flood protection and water supply for south Florida. The system caused unintended environmental impacts to the south Florida ecosystem.
In 1992 and 1996 Congress authorized the Restudy of the Central and South Florida Project to assess the measures necessary to restore the south Florida ecosystem. The Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) was completed in 1999. CERP was included in the Water Resources Development Act of 2000.
Nearly 70 agencies and organizations came forward to support the implementation of CERP, with the USACE and the District taking the lead roles as the federal and local sponsor.